您要的文章,都可来文章屋参考

文章屋帐号直接登录
帐 号
密 码
   

x 没有文章屋帐号?立即注册
论文索引
当前位置:文章屋>>论文>>医学论文>>正文

英语医学科研论文的格式和要求 (下)

英语医学科研论文的格式和要求 (下)

更新时间:2011-07-14 13:43:23    字体:   |  | 
[关键词] 医学科研

健康网讯:

) 讨论部分 总的要求:The author should tell the reader what the results mean by pl acing them in the context of previous published studies of the problem, 即:与先有研究相比,本研究有何意义。 具体要求: A. 简要说明研究背景(background) B. 简要介绍总的发现(general findings); C. 介绍具体要点(introduction of points) D. 与现有发现(若有)进行比较(comparison in the context of other stu dies) E. 意义(suggested meaning) F. 结论(conclusion) G. 前瞻研究(future studies) 结论往往是论文中最长也是最难写的部分,主要原因是作者要对研究结果和发现进 行分析、推断、演绎和推理,要求作者具有很强逻辑思维能力和英语文字组织能力 。此外,这部分时态比较复杂,要分清实验过程和结果(过去时)与分析意见(确 定:现在时;不确定或假设:过去时)的区别;他人研究结果(过去时或现在完成 时)与本研究结果(过去时)的区别;普遍适用的结论(现在时)与只适用本研究 的结论(过去时)的其别等。因此,对于however, may, might, could, would, possibly, probably, be likely to 等词(组)的使用以及we believe (think / consider) that, to our knowledge, in our experience (practice) 等插入 语的使用就显得格外重要。 示例: Parenteral nutrition is being used with increasing frequency as a prima ry source of caloric support in adult and pediatric patients with gastr ointestinal problems. Numerous complications have been associated with the administration of TPN, including a significantly increased incidenc e of gallbladder disease [-,]. The data here suggest that cholecyste ctomy is often required for the management of symptomatic gallbladder d isease in this group of patients, and is associated with significant ri sks.[说明研究背景,包括意义] Of the patients who required cholecystectomy for TPN-induced gallbla dder disease, operative morbidity and mortality were percent and percent, respectively. Maingot has stated that cholecystectomy “is one of the simplest and safest of the abdominal operations, and is ass ociated with a low operative mortality rate (about . percent). A revi ew of the pediatric literature suggests that when cholecystectomy is pe rformed in children, the operative morbidity is less than percent, a nd the mortality is less than percent. [,] Glenn has reported a mortality rate of less than . percent in over , patients under the age of years who underwent cholecystectomy. The morbidity and mo rtality observed in our group of receiving long-term TPN, therefore, we re far in excess of what would be expected for a population of patients whose mean age was years. [提出本研究主要发现并将其与其他研究发现相 比较] Our data suggest that are specific factors unique to patients who requi re long-term TPN that contribute to the increased mortality and morbidi ty associated with cholecystectomy in this select group.[以下,作者用较 大篇幅分析了这类病人死亡率和并发症增高的临床、实验室和手术等方面的原因, 原文从略] Based on the results of our studies, we believe that early cholecystect omy is indicated in patients with TPN-induced gallbladder disease. Obvi ously, all patients with symptomatic disease should undergo cholecystec tomy unless there specific medical contraindications. These operations should be performed in a timely, elective fashion because delay may res ult in the need for urgent surgery and thereby, increase an already hig h risk. Although recent studies have suggested that cholecystectomy may not be warranted in otherwise healthy patients with asymptomatic gallb ladder disease , we believe that this axiom does not apply to patie nts with TPN-induced gallbladder disease. Out data suggest that the nat ural history of gallbladder disease in patients receiving TPN is consid erably different from that of their counterparts not receiving TPN. Bas ed on our findings, we recommend elective cholecystectomy in patients r eceiving TPN when gallstones first appear. Furthermore, cholecystectomy should be considered, especially in children without stones who are un dergoing laparotomy for other reasons. [从对结果的分析及与其他研究的比较 得出结论性意见,这是讨论部分最重要的内容 ] Whether TPN-induced gallston es can be prevented through daily stimulated gallbladder emptying await s the results of further studies. [前瞻研究] ) 致谢部分 总的要求:Always get approval of your intention to mention someone in the acknowledgement and approval of the form in which you will prese nt the acknowledgement, 即:致谢词和致谢方式必须征得受谢人或单位的同意。 ) 参考文献 总的要求:Reference styles should be specific to each journal, 既: 根据各杂志的具体要求,因为各杂志对参考文献部分的编排顺序和格式不尽统一。 现将URMSBJ要求的多种参考文献中最常见的种格式列举如下: ) Vega KJ, Pina I, Krevsky B. Heart transplantation is associated wi th an increased risk for pancreatobiliary disease. Ann Intern Med Jun ; (): -. [标准杂志文章] ) The Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand. Clinical excise stress testing:Safety and performance guidelines. Med J Aust ; : -. [作者是个组织] ) Cancer in South Africa [editorial]. S Afr Med J ; : . [无作 者名] ) Shen HM, Zhang QF. Risk assessment of nickel cardiogenicity and oc cupational lung cancer. Environ Health Perspect ; Suppl : - . [某杂志增刊] ) Browell DA, Lennard TW. Immunologic status of the cancer patient a nd the effects of blood transfusion on antitumor responses. Curr Opin G en Surg ; - [无期无卷] ) 插图说明 总的要求:Type or point out legends for illustrations using double spac ing, starting on a separate page, 既:插图说明要另页双行打印。当插图中有 箭头(arrow)、符号(symbol)、数字(number)或字母(letter)时,要在这 部分(不是在插图页上)对其方向、位置等作出非常明确的说明。 )插图 总的要求:Design your figures for the appropriate reduction, 即:插图要 按杂志的版面大小比例进行压缩;不要把插图拍成照片。 )表格 总的要求:A table should be a totally self-contained unit of informatio n, 即:表格要作为一个独立的信息单位另页打印。表格要简明清楚,完整(标题 、内容和脚注),即使只有一张表格也要标Table 。 )照片和说明 总的要求:与)、)部分相同。

(来源:文章屋网 www.wzu.com


来源互联网文章,作品版权归作者所有,如果侵犯了您的版权,请联系2997982925#qq.com (#请用@替换),本站将在三个工作日内删除。

厦门七二七四网络科技有限公司 版权所有

(网站版权所有:文章屋(www.wzu.com)) 闽ICP备16030454号-4

分享到: